Which of these twelve Spanish inventions do you think is the most relevant?
Spain has left a series of inventions that have meant a breakthrough and a change in society since their discovery. Do you know which are the most important Spanish inventions? Here is a list of the twelve most relevant Spanish discoveries.
- THE MOP
Created by Manuel Jalón, engineer and officer of the Air Force, it meant a breakthrough for the 'women's liberation' at that time since before 1956 women had to mop the floor on their knees. The first mop to be successfully tested was in Zaragoza in 1956.
- THE DISPOSABLE SYRINGE.
Manuel Jalón, also the inventor of the mop, did a lot for sanitary hygiene and created a disposable hypodermic syringe that meant a great advance in preventing the spread of diseases.
- THE CHUPA CHUPS.
Enric Bernat had a revolutionary idea: to create a candy with a stick. This simple gesture in 1957 was a real breakthrough and soon spread around the world. In 1995, the chupa chups was the first candy to be consumed in space. The logo was also designed by Salvador Dalí.
This invention was created by the Murcian engineer Isaac Peral, who revolutionized submarine navigation by designing a submersible vessel powered by electric energy. Built in steel and for military purposes, Peral's submarine was successfully launched in 1888. It is currently on display in the port of Cartagena.
THE “FUTBOLIN” (Table football)
Alejandro Campos Ramirez, was a Galician poet, editor and inventor known for creating the table football. In 1936 this poet was wounded in one of the bombings of Madrid during the Spanish Civil War.
It was during his stay in the hospital where he met many wounded children, most of them mutilated, who complained because they were not going to be able to play football. This is why he came up with the idea of the football table and patented it in 1937.
- THE CABLE CAR.
This is another of the most important Spanish inventions. Leonardo Torres Quevedo repeats in this list, who in 1887 registered his first patent on "An aerial funicular railway system of multiple wires", i.e., the cable car.
In 1907, Torres Quevedo erected the first cable car suitable for the public transport of people, on Mount Ulía (San Sebastián). Following the success of this invention, the cable car was exported beyond Spain's borders. For example, the Niagara Falls aerial tramway was inspired by the one created by Torres Quevedo.
Blaise Pascal was the inventor of the first calculator, which worked based on wheels and gears, but it was the Spaniard Leonardo Torres Quevedo who created the first digital calculator around 1914. It performed calculations autonomously (some of them quite complex).
- THE POCKET KNIFE
It arises at the end of the XVI century in Spain after the prohibition of Carlos V to carry long bladed weapons (especially swords) to those who were outside the nobility. The penknife was a short-bladed weapon and also allowed to hide the blade.
-THE SPANISH GUITAR.
The classical 6-string guitar as we know it today was developed in Spain between the 13th and 18th centuries as a modification of the ancient vihuela.
- THE AUTOGYRO.
The Murcian engineer Juan de la Cierva invented and built this type of aircraft in the 1920s. It is a precursor of modern helicopters. The advantage of the autogyro with respect to the conventional airplane, in its time, was the capacity of take-off, gyroplane and landing in very reduced spaces.
- THE MOLOTOV COCKTAIL.
In spite of having this name, the Molotov cocktail is a Spanish invention. It appeared for the first time in the Spanish Civil War, being a cheap weapon used by the militias of the Republican army, due to the lack of armament. But the name Molotov cocktail comes from Finland, years later, in the attempt to conquer this country in 1940.
- THE CIGARETTE.
It has its origins in the beggars of the city of Seville, who in the 16th century began to take advantage of tobacco waste and roll them in thin sheets of rice paper.
But it was not until 1825 that cigarettes began to be packaged and marketed, in fact the first manufactured packs were sold in 1833.
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