What is Slavery and Who is Enslaved?

What is Slavery and Who is Enslaved?Englands or New Englands. In that sense, Indians are in the way.

Some of them are removed by wars. So a very bloody process of...
GROSS: And removed, you mean, like, killed?

WARREN: Killed or displaced. Some, it turns out, are actually sold,
war captives. About a thousand at least, maybe, are sold to the West

Indies, part of the Atlantic slave trade.

GROSS: Yeah, so it's just a really weird thing happening in New
England. They're importing slaves from the West Indies, slaves who
came from Africa, and at the same time, the New England colonists

are exporting Indian slaves. And so, like, one logical question is since.

Just who is a slave in this day and age?聽 Is slavery akin to skin color?聽 Or is slavery akin to social status?

Is racism slavery?聽 I think not.聽

If you are white are you subject to slavery?聽 Of course you are.

The American government enslaved its population when it went bankrupt in 1937.聽 Every child born was required to be issued a birth certificate.聽 Was that to prove you were born?聽 No鈥攊t was so every child could be traded on the bond market.聽 It didn鈥檛/doesn鈥檛 matter what 鈥榗olor鈥 that child is.

an assistant professor in the department of history at Princeton

University.

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CAPITIS DIMINUTIO MAXIMA鈥擨n the USA, We are the聽Herd鈥擫iterally

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Does that child receive income from those trades?聽 I think not.聽 Let鈥檚 look at definitions of Slavery:

Slavery

https://www.thefreedictionary.com/slavery


Also found in:聽
Thesaurus,聽Medical,聽Legal,聽Financial,聽Encyclopedia,聽Wikipedia.

Related to slavery:聽History of slavery

slav路er路y

聽聽(sl膩鈥瞯蓹-r膿, sl膩v鈥瞨膿)

n.pl.聽slav路er路ies

1.聽The聽condition聽in聽which聽one聽person聽is聽owned聽as聽property聽by聽another聽and聽is聽under聽the聽owner鈥檚聽control,聽especially聽in聽involuntary聽servitude.

2.

a.聽The聽practice聽of聽owning聽slaves.

b.聽A聽mode聽of聽production聽in聽which聽slaves聽constitute聽the聽principal聽workforce.

3.聽The聽condition聽of聽being聽subject聽or聽addicted聽to聽a聽specified聽influence.

4.聽A聽condition聽of聽hard聽work聽and聽subjection:聽wage聽slavery.

American聽Heritage庐聽Dictionary聽of聽the聽English聽Language,聽Fifth聽Edition.聽Copyright聽漏聽2016聽by聽Houghton聽Mifflin聽Harcourt聽Publishing聽Company.聽Published聽by聽Houghton聽Mifflin聽Harcourt聽Publishing聽Company.聽All聽rights聽reserved.

slavery

聽(藞sle瑟v蓹r瑟)

n

1.聽(Law)聽the聽state聽or聽condition聽of聽being聽a聽slave;聽a聽civil聽relationship聽whereby聽one聽person聽has聽absolute聽power聽over聽another聽and聽controls聽his聽life,聽liberty,聽and聽fortune

2.聽the聽subjection聽of聽a聽person聽to聽another聽person,聽esp聽in聽being聽forced聽into聽work

3.聽the聽condition聽of聽being聽subject聽to聽some聽influence聽or聽habit

4.聽(Industrial聽Relations聽&聽HR聽Terms)聽work聽done聽in聽harsh聽conditions聽for聽low聽pay

Collins聽English聽Dictionary聽鈥撀燙omplete聽and聽Unabridged,聽12th聽Edition聽2014聽漏聽HarperCollins聽Publishers聽1991,聽1994,聽1998,聽2000,聽2003,聽2006,聽2007,聽2009,聽2011,聽2014

slav鈥r鈥

聽(藞sle瑟 v蓹 ri, 藞sle瑟v ri)

n.

1.聽the聽condition聽of聽a聽slave;聽bondage.

2.聽the聽keeping聽of聽slaves聽as聽a聽practice聽or聽institution.

3.聽a聽state聽of聽subjection聽like聽that聽of聽a聽slave.

4.聽severe聽toil;聽drudgery.

[1545鈥55]

syn:聽slavery,聽bondage,聽servitude聽refer聽to聽involuntary聽subjection聽to聽another聽or聽others.聽slavery聽emphasizes聽the聽idea聽of聽complete聽ownership聽and聽control聽by聽a聽master:聽to聽be聽sold聽into聽slavery.bondage聽indicates聽a聽state聽of聽subjugation聽or聽captivity聽often聽involving聽burdensome聽and聽degrading聽labor:聽in聽bondage聽to聽a聽cruel聽master.servitude聽is聽compulsory聽service,聽often聽such聽as聽is聽required聽by聽law:聽penal聽servitude.

Random聽House聽Kernerman聽Webster鈥檚聽College聽Dictionary,聽漏聽2010聽K聽Dictionaries聽Ltd.聽Copyright聽2005,聽1997,聽1991聽by聽Random聽House,聽Inc.聽All聽rights聽reserved.

Slavery

See聽also聽captivity.

abolitionism

the聽movement聽for聽the聽abolition聽of聽slavery,聽especially聽Negro聽slavery聽in聽the聽U.S.聽鈥斅燼bolitionist,聽n.

helotism

the聽condition聽or聽quality聽of聽being聽a聽helot;聽serfdom聽or聽slavery.聽Also聽helotage,聽helotry.

indentureship

1.聽the聽state聽or聽period聽of聽being聽indentured聽or聽apprenticed;聽apprenticeship.
2.聽the聽state聽or聽period聽of聽being聽a聽servant聽bound聽to聽service聽for聽a聽specified聽time聽in聽return聽for聽passage聽to聽a聽colony.

servilism

a聽doctrine聽that聽advocates聽slavery.聽鈥斅爏ervility,聽n.

-Ologies聽&聽-Isms.聽Copyright聽2008聽The聽Gale聽Group,聽Inc.聽All聽rights聽reserved.

And more HERE

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Just because no one told us we are slaves doesn鈥檛 negate the issue.聽 We are bound by all sorts of regulations not conducive to our founding fathers鈥 Constitution.

Our courts are run by Maritime Law in order to entice us into giving up our Constitutional rights.

We need to bring back our Constitutional courts.

It seems the聽1776 Project聽has been scrapped and replaced with the聽1619 Project.

I鈥檓 not so sure that鈥檚 a good idea.聽 I haven鈥檛 done a comparison of the two yet, but you can compare them below. They鈥檙e really selling the one they want you to buy, so make sure you you view both.

The 鈥1776 Project

The聽1619 Project

Click to access The NYT 1691 Project

At first glance, I did not see any Indians in the second.聽 They were enslaved, too, so the Puritans [my ancestors] could take their lands. I imagine they were enslaved in greater numbers than any other race. As usual, we only get the half of the story they want us to have. Should we give them taxpayer dollars, too?

Forgotten History: How The New England Colonists Embraced The Slave Trade

New England Bound
Slavery and Colonization in Early America
by Wendy Warren

Hardcover, 345 pagesEnglands or New Englands. In that sense, Indians are in the way.

Some of them are removed by wars. So a very bloody process of...
GROSS: And removed, you mean, like, killed?

WARREN: Killed or displaced. Some, it turns out, are actually sold,
war captives. About a thousand at least, maybe, are sold to the West

Indies, part of the Atlantic slave trade.

GROSS: Yeah, so it's just a really weird thing happening in New
England. They're importing slaves from the West Indies, slaves who
came from Africa, and at the same time, the New England colonists

are exporting Indian slaves. And so, like, one logical question is sinceGROSS: So you used the word chattel slavery. What was chattel

slavery mean?

WARREN: So chattel slavery is commodified slavery. It's where
people have a price. They can be bought and sold. It's where you have

a price on your head.

GROSS: So what surprised me, too, reading your book was not just
how early slavery had started in New England but also that Indians

were enslaved.



And her book:

9222e82b.jpg.

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Purchase New England Bound: Slavery and Colonization in Early America HERE

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9d4fb9a1.jpg3929486e.jpg

Read More HERE

WAIT鈥擶AIT鈥β Aren鈥檛 the people of The United States of America bought and sold from the minute they are born?

Indians, Africans, and people brought from across the pond were all bound into slavery or servitude.聽 If Spain and England wanted a people鈥檚 land and/or gold and riches, they captured or killed them or sold them.聽 Ireland was a land of the enslaved for a time.

Tribes in Africa fought each other and the losing tribe was enslaved.聽 Many were sold to slave traders of different skin colors, but the enslavement of many Africans was perpetrated by their own.

.

Let鈥檚 look at History.

In 1494, Portugal and Spain signed聽Treaty of Tordesillas, splitting the world into two halves.聽 It didn鈥檛 matter that other lands were occupied.

So Kings and Queens divvied up the world due to a pathological sense of entitlement.

...

Slavery has existed since the beginning of time.聽 Let鈥檚 take Greece for example.

4fec2a85.jpg

SLAVERY IN ANCIENT GREECE: 5 FACTS ABOUT THE LIFE OF SLAVES IN ANCIENT GREECE

There were two main ways: the first was to be the child of a slave and the second was captivity in war. In some ancient societies, there was a third way, free people could be enslaved within their community and end up as slaves. In some cities this was forbidden, for example with Solon鈥檚 reforms in Athens it was impossible for an Athenian to be enslaved due to debt.

For what purposes were slaves used?

A basic purpose was domestic work such as washing, mopping, going to the spring to carry water, chopping wood. Another category of slaves were those who were used for labor and production of wealth in the fields, mines, workshops. Also in a house, there was a slave who was the steward of all the other slaves, so something like a manager. Almost all the officials in the ancient states were slaves. In ancient Athens, for example, the policemen were slaves who belonged to the state.

Agriculture, a common use for slaves, black-figure neck-amphora by the Antimenes Painter, British Museum

Were there consequences for abusing a slave?

A master could do whatever he wanted with his servant, including killing him. On the other hand, slaves were property and there was a limit because if you killed your slave, you would destroy your property. Therefore, masters were very inventive in the forms of punishment and did not destroy their property. There are cases where a master could be put in trouble for the way he treated his slave by other members of society who had their own reasons for denouncing him. There were such cases that were brought to the courts.


What were the numbers of freemen and slaves in the population of a city?

The difference from society to society in ancient times could be enormous. In Sparta, for example, slaves outnumbered Spartans by 5 to 7 times. They were perhaps over 70% of the total population. In other societies, the percentage of slaves was most likely small, on the order of 5-10%. In Athens, it was about 30% of the population, and it is quite possible that it could have been as high as 50%.


Were there slaves who won their freedom?

Most slaves who gained their freedom did so in two ways: the first was by cashing in their freedom. Most notably, those slaves who worked alone or engaged in occupations that allowed them to save some of their earnings were eventually able to redeem their freedom from their masters. The second has to do with the mass manumission of slaves, especially under conditions of internal unrest and war. When a state was in great danger, it could free slaves and use them as soldiers. We know that in 406 BC, during the Peloponnesian War, because the very critical naval battle with the Spartans of Arginousa was being prepared in Athens and there were not many Athenians left to man the fleet, they freed thousands of slaves and at the same time made them Athenian citizens, in order to fight in the naval battle.

Read more HERE

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The moral of the story is this:

We are all slaves.聽 Many aren鈥檛 aware we are.聽 I wasn鈥檛.聽 Let鈥檚 come together [whatever color skin we have] and stop the madness.

We can stop our enslavers if we stop fighting each other.

Copyright January 2021 by Joyce Bowen

For educational use


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Joyce 馃悵 Bowen Brand Ambassador @ beBee

It was a topic that's been eating at me for a while. Thank you for the share, Pascal Derrien.

Pascal Derrien

Pascal Derrien

8 months ago #1

a fascinating post on a multidimensional issue

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